CNA State Examination Practice Questions (Part Three)

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QUESTION: The nursing assistant has been assigned to deliver care to a patient who has been placed on contact precautions. The nursing assistant is selecting the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) attire to wear prior to delivering care to a patient who has been placed on contact precautions if which of the following items will be worn:

A. Gloves and a gown

B. Gloves, gown, and a face mask

C. Gloves, gown, a face mask, and a face shield

D. Gloves, gown, a HEPA mask, and a face shield

ANSWER: A (Contact precautions require the use of gloves and a gown at the very minimum. Droplet transmission precautions require the use of a medical face mask at the very minimum. Airborne transmission precautions, at the minimum, require the use of a negative pressure room and a HEPA mask, also known as a particulate respirator).

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QUESTION: The nurse aide student is attending a nursing assistant class this morning. The nurse aide instructor asks all the students, “What is the single most important action that nursing assistants and other healthcare workers take in order to prevent the spread of infections?” The nurse aide student is providing a correct response when he gives which of the following answers:

A. Wearing personal protective equipment before delivering care

B. Performing hand-washing before and after delivering care

C. Adhering to universal precautions before delivering care

D. Using clean technique prior to delivering care

ANSWER: B (Hand-washing is the single most important action that nursing assistants, nurses, and other healthcare workers can take in order to prevent the spread of infection. Adhering to universal precautions, utilizing personal protective equipment in a correct manner, and using clean technique also reduce the spread of infections. Nonetheless, hand-washing is the single most important action that can be taken by all healthcare workers to prevent the spread of infection).

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QUESTION: The nurse aide student is learning about documentation and charting during this morning’s nursing assistant class. The nurse aide student asks the instructor, “Who is responsible for the documentation at the hospital or nursing home?” The correct answer is which of the following responses:

A. The registered nurse (RN) is accountable for everything, including documentation of all care provided by the nursing assistants

B. The licensed practical / vocational nurse (LPN /LVN) should document all care, including the care provided by the nursing assistants

C. All members of staff, including nursing assistants, need to document the care that they have provided

D. All members of staff need to document the care that they have provided, and the physician will sign off on the documentation

ANSWER: C (All members of nursing staff, including nursing assistants, are responsible for documenting and signing off on all of the patient care that they have personally delivered. For instance, the nursing assistants will chart the showers and bed baths that they have given to the patients. The licensed practical /vocational nurses will chart all of the wound care and medications that they have administered to the patients. The registered nurse will chart the various nursing diagnoses that they have formulated and the patient assessments that they have performed. Generally, physicians are not required to sign off on the patient care documentation of nurses and nursing assistants in the hospital and/or nursing home settings).

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CNA State Examination Practice Questions (Part Two)

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QUESTION: The nursing assistant observes a very small fire in the outdoor smoking area of the skilled nursing facility where he works. He has been trained to extinguish small fires through nurse aide training and annual fire safety in-service training at his place of employment. This nursing assistant is following the proper sequence for using a fire extinguisher if he:

A. Pulls the fire extinguisher’s pin, aims at the base of the fire, squeezes the fire extinguisher’s handle, and sweeps in a back and forth motion.

B. Aims at the base of the fire, pulls the pin, squeezes the handle of the fire extinguisher, and sweeps in a back and forth sweeping motion.

C. Pulls the pin of the fire extinguisher, gently shakes the fire extinguisher, aims at the base, squeezes the handle of the fire extinguisher, and sweeps in a back and forth sweeping motion.

D. Aims at the middle of the fire, pulls the pin, squeezes the fire extinguisher’s handle, ans sweeps in a back and forth sweeping motion.

ANSWER: A (the proper sequence of steps to use a fire extinguisher can be readily recalled by remembering the PASS acronym, which stands for PULL-AIM-SQUEEZE-SWEEP. P = pull the pin out to activate the fire extinguisher. A = aim the fire extinguisher toward fire’s base. S = squeeze the fire extinguisher’s handle to facilitate expulsion of the container’s contents. S = sweep in a back and forth motion across the fire’s base as the contents of the fire extinguisher are expelled).

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QUESTION: The nursing assistant has strong suspicions that a CNA coworker might be verbally abusing an elderly patient at the post-acute rehabilitation center where they both work. What is the first action that the nursing assistant must take?

A. Place a telephone call to the local sheriffs department to report the suspicions of abuse. Ensure the names of the resident and suspected abuser are available just in case more information is requested.

B. Report the suspected abuse to the charge nurse or facility administrator.

C. Privately confront the suspected abuser and demand that she immediately stop verbally abusing the elderly patient.

D. Do nothing at the moment since the nursing assistant only has suspicions of possible verbal abuse without any substantiated proof.

ANSWER: B (nursing assistants are mandated reporters who are legally mandated to report all instances of witnessed abuse, as well as any suspected abuse and neglect. The nursing assistant does not need proof of suspected abuse in order to report it; rather, a designated person will investigate the allegation of abuse. The nursing assistant should not call the sheriffs department since the administrator and/or charge nurse knows to adhere to facility procedures for initiation of investigations of alleged abuse).

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QUESTION: The nursing assistant student is currently learning about principles of infection control during this evening’s nurse aide lessons at school. The instructor has made all students in the classroom aware that some questions regarding infection control might be included on the written section of the CNA state test. The student answers the instructor’s question correctly if she responds that the following entity is a host of infection:

A. A wadded piece of toilet paper contaminated with stool

B. A stethoscope contaminated with the microbe that causes whopping cough

C. A sick patient who is currently infected with tuberculosis

D. A sick dog who is currently infected with rabies

ANSWER: C (according to the chain of infection, an infected human being is a host of infection. A vector is a living nonhuman, such as an infectious dog, mice, tick or mosquito, that can transmit infections to humans. A fomite is an inanimate object, such as used toilet paper, contaminated equipment, and unclean door knobs, that can potentially spread infection via direct contact).

Texas CNA Skills (Part Eleven): Pearls of Wisdom from Nurse Aides Who’ve Passed the CNA State Examination

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Due to legislation that had been enacted and implemented in the late 1980s, nurse aides must obtain state certification as certified nursing assistants (CNAs) if they want to secure employment in certain healthcare facilities that accept federal dollars. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987, more simply known as OBRA, established the minimum acceptable standards for nurse aide training.

The overarching goal of nurse aide training programs is to sufficiently prepare students in nursing assistant programs with the practical knowledge, clinical skills, and procedures that must be adhered to by members of staff at all skilled nursing facilities that receive federal payments. In simpler wording, OBRA is the very reason that nurse aides must attain CNA certification if they want to work at these types of workplaces.

So, this is the burning question. How in the world does a nurse aide obtain certification as a CNA? The answer to this question is the following: a nurse aide becomes certified in a particular state by passing the national CNA state exam utilized by that state. A wonderful way to become more familiar and confident with the setup of the CNA state exam is to obtain feedback from nurse aides who have taken and passed the test.

The following responses are from multiple nurse aides who possess firsthand experience in regards to taking the CNA state exam. The responses provided by these nurse aides pertain mainly to the successful completion of the skills section of the CNA state exam. Keep in mind that a written (or oral) section of the CNA state exam exists as well.

The individual and collective insights provided by these nurse aides that pertain to the CNA state test are rather enlightening. In addition, readers can learn quite a bit of new information from the varied perceptions and recollections of these nurse aides’ different experiences with the CNA state exam. Therefore, read and pay close attention to recurrent themes within the responses such as the importance of performing the procedural skills using the correct sequence of steps.

NURSE AIDE ONE: “If you mess up on a step or just forget to complete a step, you will simply lose points. If you forget to do a bold step (also known as a critical element step), or perform it wrongly, you fail the entire skill by default. You should be able to pass the CNA state test as long as you remember to perform the bold steps and always do them right.”

NURSE AIDE TWO: “You will need to do the skills in the exact order on the skills handbook or you will not pass. So, in your spare time, practice on other people or dolls until you have each step memorized. If you can memorize each and every move, you will pass your CNA state test with flying colors.”

NURSE AIDE THREE: “Where I live, the person who watches you do the skills on the CNA state test is looking for you to perform the tasks in the order listed on the handbook. If you perform the tasks out of order, but do them right, points get deducted from the total score.”

NURSE AIDE FOUR: “On the CNA state test I did the steps as I had learned them since I knew I would have forgotten to do something really important if I strayed from what I learned. All the steps are there for a reason. So I suggest you instill them into your memory bank as best as you can.”

NURSE AIDE FIVE: “Do all the steps in the exact order for the skills.”

NURSE AIDE SIX: “I took lessons for CNA and each time when I took the skills exam part of the CNA state test, we needed to complete every skill correctly step by step. It is because these steps were placed and organized the right way so as to cut down on the chances of cross contamination and to teach you the best way to do the skills for the best care of the residents.”

CNAs Must Know About Reciprocity if They Want to Work!

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NOTE: The following blog entry is a guest post written by nurse consultant Victoria Randle, APN, NP-C (pictured), proprietor of CNA Instructor Consultants LLC. Ms. Randle can be contacted via email at info@thesecretcocktail.com or on her Facebook page entitled “The CNA Instructors’ Secret Cocktail” (https://www.facebook.com/thesecretcocktail/).

What in the world does reciprocity mean?

When you take the step to further your education and become a CNA, it is important that you know all of your responsibilities associated with this level of education. This encompasses various responsibilities to others, but most importantly to yourself. You must know your scope of practice, your continuing education requirements, how to re-certify and even how or when to obtain reciprocity.

If you are a CNA (certified nursing assistant), you may have heard others talk about reciprocity. What in the world does this word even mean? Reciprocity is the act / process of transferring your CNA certification from one state to another. Believe it or not, each state has its own laws regarding requirements of CNAs that may be different than the state in which you originally obtained your certification.

An example of this may be the number of educational hours needed to become a CNA. The number of educational hours needed to become a CNA differs in each state. For instance, the state of Tennessee requires that a nursing assistant obtain 75 hours of training to become eligible for certification as a CNA. These hours are divided up as follows: 59 hours of classroom /lab practicum and 16 hours of clinical externship.

Let’s say you obtained your CNA certification in Tennessee and decide five years later to move to Texas. Well, Texas requires more hours than Tennessee to become certified as a CNA. In Texas it is required that a CNA must have at least 100 hours of training. These hours are divided up as follows: 60 hours of class/lab practicum and 40 hours of clinical externship. In this case, the CNA is lacking one hour of classroom instruction and 24 hours of clinical instruction.

It is up to the accepting state of Texas to determine if they are willing to accept this CNA’s education from Tennessee for certification as a CNA in Texas. Some states may respond with a solid NO, and therefore require the individual to re-enroll in another CNA program that adheres to the new state’s requirements.

Some states may accept the CNA from Tennessee based on their number of years of experience accrued since obtaining the CNA certification. Other states may accept the CNA pending conditions such as additional training hours, continuing education hours, or the ability of the individual to pass the new state’s CNA state exam.

So, it is extremely important that once you obtain your CNA certification, you become knowledgeable in how many hours you have in classroom versus clinical education. It is also important that if you anticipate moving, you fully understand the new state’s requirements for CNAs. Nothing is worse than moving out of state and having a hard time finding work because you were not aware of how reciprocity works beforehand.

The best of luck to you in your journey to become a CNA. The career is so rewarding! If you are looking to start a CNA school or already own one, maybe I can help. Contact me for consulting assistance for your CNA school. I will be happy to help!

Victoria Randle NP-C, CNA Instructor Consultants LLC

EMAIL – info@thesecretcocktail.com

FACEBOOK – www.facebook.com/thesecretcocktail

WEBSITE – www.thesecretcocktail.com

YOUTUBE – The Secret Cocktail

This is a cordial reminder that if you want to pursue a rewarding, invigorating healthcare career as a nurse aide in the Dallas/Fort Worth area of Texas, the caring members of staff at Legacy Healthcare Careers Nursing Assistant School can assist you in turning your occupational dreams into reality in as little as 7 days! Enroll today.

Legacy Healthcare Careers offers a 7-day CNA program to help jump-start your legacy. Please place a telephone call to our 24-hour hotline at (682)313-6404, visit the school’s website (www.LegacyHealthcareCareers.com) to submit an online application to the CNA program or feel free to browse through the assortment of enlightening blog posts at www.LegacyHealthcareCareers.org for more information about becoming a nursing assistant in just one week.

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Texas CNA Skills (Part Ten): General Guidelines for the CNA State Exam

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The following list is a set of general guidelines to help future nurse aide test takers know what to expect when taking the CNA state test.

  1. Always remember to speak with the patient to whom you are providing care, even if it might be a manikin. Effective communication entails introducing oneself and clearly explaining the procedural skills, which is all part of the skills section of the CNA state test.
  2. Equipment for the procedural skills will be available at the testing center. The nurse aide evaluator will give the test taker a list of all the equipment needed for the procedural skills that will need to be performed. It is the responsibility of the test taker to gather all the equipment. Thus, the test taker should gather and organize all needed equipment in a manner that is easiest for him or her.
  3. At the moment the skills competency section of the CNA state test begins, the test taker is allotted approximately 30 minutes to work through all of the assigned procedural skills.
  4. The test taker is required to wash his or her hands at the beginning of the simulated patient care scenario for the CNA state test. Hand-washing is the first procedural skill to be performed. The test taker is expected to perform hand hygiene by using hand sanitizer at other moments during the CNA state test as needed.
  5. The patient’s privacy and safety must be upheld during the entirety of the simulated patient care scenario. In addition, strict compliance with infection control techniques must be sustained during the entire scenario for the CNA state test.
  6. The test taker will need to physically work through each step associated with every procedural skill he or she has been assigned for the CNA state test. Once the skill is started, if an error is made, the test taker must say so and correct himself or herself. The test taker will be expected to complete the step that was missed.
  7. For the CNA state test, side rails are utilized only for safety with certain procedural skills performances. At other times, the side rails should be in the low position.
  8. Always keep in mind that the CNA state test should be reflective of the test taker’s provision of basic nursing care duties to a real patient and performance of direct hands-on care for that person.
  9. For the skills competency section of the CNA state test, the test taker can be safe to assume that he or she will be performing the skills on one patient and/or manikin and will not be alternating from resident to resident as a typical nursing assistant would in a nursing facility setting. The test taker must become proficient at all of the testable skills in addition to the opening procedures and closing steps for each skill.

REFERENCES

Lewis-Clark State College. (2013). Student Skills Packet. Retrieved from http://www.lcsc.edu/media/117278/2013-Student-Skills-Packet.pdf

CNA State Examination Practice Questions (Part One)

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As nursing assistant students enrolled in a nurse aide training program, a number of steps exist that can be taken to promote mastery of the knowledge and skills needed to pass the CNA state test. A few of these steps include cultivating top-notch study habits that are conducive to one’s personal learning style, reviewing some material on a daily basis, and staying abreast of various tips and tricks to help answer the trickiest of practice test questions.

A diligent student engages in self-discovery to pinpoint the manner in which he or she learns most optimally. Even though a wide array of different theories exist regarding adult learning styles, it is best to simplify things by asserting that a pupil can be a visual learner, auditory learner, tactile learner, kinesthetic learner, or perhaps a combination of two or more learning styles.

It has also been said that repetition is the mother of all learning. Learning by repetition is a valid way of becoming proficient at answering knowledge-based questions. Simply put, the more a nurse aide student answers practice questions, the more prepared he or she will be at the testing center when answering the real exam questions on the knowledge (or oral) section of the CNA state test.

One proven way of boosting a skill proficiency or becoming competent at a task is to ensure that it is a stored routine in the consciousness of the learner. To make sure this process takes place, the most imperative first step is to elevate the skill to a conscious level whereby the nurse aide student deliberately ruminates over the activity, but not necessarily the desired skill itself.

In other words, the nurse aide student has full knowledge about the particular skill that he or she lacks (read: answering knowledge-based test questions) and, therefore, focuses on accomplishing the types of activities that will help him or her build the skill (e.g., reading, creating flashcards, repeatedly answering practice questions). This type of learning is what educators commonly refer to as learning by repetition.

To prepare adequately for the written knowledge section of the CNA state test, a nurse aide student should answer multiple practice questions each and every day. Click on the video below to see a handful of examples of the types of questions that will appear on the written portion of the CNA state test.